With a great deal of effort and expense, Faber-Castell has converted historic premises in Stein, near Nuremberg, into a living witness to its industrial heritage. On two floors, visitors are now able to experience at first hand how pencil leads were manufactured in the 19th and 20th centuries. A unique feature is the authenticity of the site. The historic premises bear the traces of earlier decades and centuries. The fine graphite powder settled in the form of a shiny black dust on every surface; it also coated the workers themselves and gave rise to the nickname “black beetle”. Operating the early machinery – from the grinding mills to the filter presses – was labour-intensive and sometimes hard physical work.